Even though it is a significant problem to install stamped concrete, it is possible to pour and place the concrete with minimal issues. However, if you fail to master the imprinting process in the right way, then you will remain with a permanent slab that is extremely difficult and costly to repair. Moreover, it is challenging to undo a wrong product of stamped concrete. This is because the stamped concrete is required to align; thus, a need for proper arrangement of the pattern and the overall texture of the concrete needs to be right. In addition to these factors, this process is timeconstrained because concrete dries very quickly to provide only a small quantity to stamp in. Due to the above discussion, the following steps should be taken to install stamped concrete.
The subgrade needs to be adequately compacted to help curb drainage and soil erosion under the concrete. This is because the subgrade contributes to a huge difference in the wholesome performance and structural integrity of the slab.
Placement of forms
The forms are made from either wood, metal or plastic, and they get attached to the stakes with the primary purpose of containing the concrete in the required area. Forms should be in good condition, beset appropriately to provide the right slope and grade for drainage and they should be erected to provide clean corners in which they either abut each other or the structures
Installation of the Reinforcement
The use of steel reinforcement bars and welded wire mesh is very crucial in providing structural integrity and supporting of the slab. The importance of the reinforcement in the slab includes controlling cracking, providing structural capacity, increasing of resistivity to impacts and reduction of joint maintenance.
Placing of the concrete
The most popular method of placing concrete is to provide the readymix truck pull to the placement area, followed by depositing the concrete from the chute. Concrete should be placed very close to its final destination to avoid moving it around too much, which can lead its segregation. Moreover, plastic sheeting should be used in protecting surrounding buildings and the prevention of existing slabs from concrete splatter.
Screeding and Finishing of the concrete
This involves leveling of the surface to help prevent any low or high spots and bringing of the cement paste to the surface for permission of a clear imprint. It produces an actual plane surface, and it occurs immediately after spreading of concrete. 6. Application of color
The different methods of coloring are integral color, dryshake color hardeners, stains and powdered or liquid release agents.
The stamping process
Stamping takes a short time, more so in warm weather. It is vital to diagram stamp layout before time and labor on hand should be enough considering the volume of work to be done. The edges should be pretextured first to avoid overlapping of the forms
Curing stamped concrete
Curing helps in retaining sufficient moisture content to allow the required properties of concrete to develop. Proper curing makes concrete denser and less porous hence leading to an overall increase in durability and strengths.
Installing of joints
This is done by cutting of contraction joints to aid the prevention of conspicuous cracks.
Sealing stamped concrete
This is the final step in the installation of stamped concrete. A sealer is applied to the stamped concrete to help enrich the color of concrete, to add sheen to the surface, to block the penetration of dirt stains and reduce the chances of discoloration of the surface by efflorescence.
We want to give a special shout out to our friends over at Phoenix Street Works LLC that do all types of concrete paving and asphalt paving in Roanoke VA and provides us all of this great information.